Carmen Brando (Dr)

At COGIT team from 2009 to 2013

Contact : carmen.brando(at)


Research topic in the laboratory COGIT :

My PhD work focuses on the collaborative edition of geographic data. This issue is of importance for helping communities build specific-purpose geographic databases (e.g. public/pedestrian transportation, ecology, biodiversity). NMAs like IGN also are interested in this technique to help data collectors update their databases. In both cases, contributors may possess different points of view which may cause inconsistencies in the content. Another important aspect is the assessment of quality of collaboratively generated content. Our approach takes into account two existing worlds to handle both challenges. For NMAs, a key element is the definition of specifications for data acquisition that details unambiguously how to observe the real world and represent it through database objects. For Wikis, an important element is the evaluation of user’s contributions and their automatic reconciliation for producing a consistent content. A key aspect of our proposal is a formal model to express specifications for user generated spatial content, similar to NMA specifications but with more elements dedicated to facilitating automatic consistency checking, fusion of various editions, and comparison with reference data. These additional specifications elements are for instance the definition of relationships with reference data and data integrity constraints. A first result is a method to automatically propose specifications items based on user keywords using Wikipedia categories/infoboxes, WordNet, and a NMA model. Another aspect of our proposal is a strategy for evaluation and fusion of editions on the server side.

Education :

PhD in gis defended in 2013 (Université Paris-Est):
A reconciliation approach based on formal specifications for collaborative edition of geographic data
Supervised by Bénédicte Bucher

- Download the PhD thesis (in French)

  • 2001-2007 : BEng in Computer Science: database systems and information technology. Universidad Simón Bolívar (USB) (Caracas, Venezuela)
  • 2008-2009 : MSc in Computer Science: intelligent interaction with information. IRISA – Université de Rennes 1 – ENSSAT (Lannion, France)
  • since 2009 : PhD in computer sciences at COGIT laboratory. University Paris-Est & Institut Géographique National, Saint Mandé (France)

Professional experience :

  • 2006-2007 : BEng final year project on a PostgreSQL extension with evaluation algorithms for preference queries. BWL Laboratory at USB
  • 2007-2008 : Free-lance Oracle University instructor. Training in SQL programming, query optimization, architecture and administration of the Oracle DBMS. EDA Consultores, Oracle Partner (Caracas, Venezuela)
  • 2008-2009 : Master’s thesis on semantic proximity between queries and the empty answer problem. PILGRIM research team at IRISA

Skills :

Computer sciences

  • Programming languages: Java (JSE, JEE), C, Perl, Bash scripting, SQL, PL/SQL
  • Web: API Google Maps, OpenLayers, Apache Tomcat, Apache Struts 2, Hibernate, HTML, XML (XML Schema, XSLT), JSP, PHP, JavaScript, CSS
  • Database Management System: Oracle, MySQL, PostgreSQL/PostGIS
  • Modeling language: UML
  • Development environments: Eclipse, Netbeans, Version control (SVN)


  • Spanish : native speaker
  • French & english : fluent

Publications :

- All publications of Carmen Brando

Supervised internships :

  • 2017 :
    By Marion Cargill (Master 2 Linguistique Informatique Traduction, Option Linguistique Informatique, Université de Strasbourg)
  • 2016 : Spatial named entity linking based on qualitative spatial relations
    By Pierre-Henri Paris (Master 2 Systèmes d’information et de décision, CNAM)
  • 2012 : Extraction of geographical knowledge in Wikipedia
    By Nassima Chenachena (Master 2 Recherche COSY "Concepts aux Systèmes" Informatique, Universié de Versailles)

Teaching given at COGIT :

  • Webmapping project: Google Maps, PostGIS,
    Master Géomatique/Carthagéo, ENSG. 2010.
  • Web design,
    Master SIGCC, ENSG. 2010.
  • Cartographic API : Google Maps,
    Master Carthagéo, ENSG. 2010.
  • PostgreSQL/PostGIS,
    Master Géomatique, ENSG. 2010.
  • Relational databases and SQL language,
    Université d’été 2010, IRD. 2010.
  • Production of volunteered greographic information,
    Master 2 IG - SIAW, ENSG. 2010.
  • Database modelisation (UML - Merise),
    Master 2 Système d'Information Géographique, Université d’Orléans. Since 2009.
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